SA – Overview

Overview

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COA Details

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa, is a country located at the southern tip of Africa. It has 2,798 kilometers (1,739 mi) of coastline that stretches along the South Atlantic and Indian oceans. To the north lie the neighboring countries of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe; to the east are Mozambique and Swaziland; and within it lies Lesotho, an enclave surrounded by South African territory. South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world by land area, and with close to 53 million people, is the world’s 24th-most populous nation.

South Africa is a multi ethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution’s recognition of 11 official languages, which is among the highest number of any country in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: English and Afrikaans, the latter originating from Dutch and serving as the first language of most white and coloured South Africans. Though English is commonly used in public and commercial life, it is only the fourth most-spoken first language

About 80 percent of South Africans are of black African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different Bantu languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa’s largest communities of European, Asian, and multiracial ancestry. All ethnic and linguistic groups have political representation in the country’s constitutional democracy, which comprises a parliamentary republic and nine provinces. Since the end of apartheid, South Africa’s unique multicultural character has become integral to its national identity, as signified by the Rainbow Nation concept.

South Africa is ranked as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank, and is considered to be a newly industrialised country. Its economy is the largest and most developed in Africa, and the 28th-largest in the world. In terms of purchasing power parity, South Africa has the seventh-highest per capita income in Africa, although poverty and inequality remain widespread, with about a quarter of the population unemployed and living on less than US$1.25 a day. Nevertheless, South Africa has been identified as a middle power in international affairs, and maintains significant regional influence.

Mzansi, derived from the Xhosa noun umzantsi meaning ” south”, is a colloquial name for South Africa.

Statistics

 

Capital Pretoria (executive)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
Cape Town (legislative)
Johannesburg (2006)
Official languages 11 languages
Ethnic groups 79.2% Black African
8.9% Coloured
8.9% White
2.5% Indian or Asian
0.5% other
Government Constitutional parliamentary republic
– President Cyril Ramaphosa
– Deputy President David Mabuza
– Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng
Area
– Total 1,221,037 km2
Population
– 2013 estimate 52,981,991
– 2011 census 51,770,560
– Density 42.4/km2

 

Geography

History

Economy

Provinces

Gallery

Climate

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Demography
Population
Language
Religion
Climatic Features
Temperatures
Culture Groups
Rivers and Lakes
Sunshine
Apartheid
The End of Apartheid
The Early Inhabitants
The Anglo-Boer War
International relations
ANC centenary
2010 FIFA World Cup
Other events in 2012
Statistics
Economy
Mineral Resources
Gold
Diamonds
Foreign Trade
Green Economy
Exchange Control
Banking Industry
Stock Exchange(JSE)
Eastern Cape
Free State
Gauteng
Kwa-Zulu Natal
Limpopo
Mpumalanga
North West
Northern Cape
Western Cape
Eastern Cape
Free State
Gauteng
Kwa-Zulu Natal
Limpopo
Mpumalanga
North West
Northern Cape
Western Cape
Eastern Cape
Free State
Gauteng
Kwa-Zulu Natal
Limpopo
Mpumalanga
North West
Northern Cape
Western Cape