The Land

Stretching latitudinally from 22°S to 35°S and longitudinally from 17°E to 33°E, South Africa’s surface area covers 1 219 602 km2. According to Census 2011, the shift of the national boundary over the Indian Ocean in the north-east corner of KwaZulu-Natal to cater for the Isimangaliso Wetland Park led to the increase in South Africa’s land area.

Physical features range from bushveld, grasslands, forests, deserts and majestic mountain peaks, to wide unspoilt beaches and coastal wetlands.

The country shares common boundaries with Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland, while the Mountain Kingdom of Lesotho is landlocked by South African territory in the south-east.

The 3 000-km shoreline stretching from the Mozambican border in the east to the Namibian border in the west is surrounded by the Atlantic and Indian oceans, which meet at Cape Point in the continent’s south- western corner. Prince Edward and Marion islands, annexed by South Africa in 1947, lie some 1 920 km south-east of Cape Town.

Demography

Demography

The Demographics of South Africa encompasses about 57 million people of diverse origins, cultures,...

Population

Population

Census 2011 Population nearly 57 000 000 Female  51,3% Male  48,7% Gauteng 23,7% KwaZulu-Natal...

Culture Groups

Culture Groups

The Tsonga (Shangaan) Swaziland, Mpumalanga and Limpopo The Koi from Botswana to SW Cape. Now Nama...

Languages

Languages

IsiZulu 22.7% IsiXhosa 16% Afrikaans 13.5% Sesotho sa Leboa 9.1% English 9.6% Setswana 8% Sesotho...

Religion

Religion

 Census 2001 Christianity 79.8% No Religion 15.1% Islam 1.5% Undetermined 1.4% Hinduism 1.2% Other...

The Oceans

The Oceans

The warm Mozambique-Agulhas Current skirts the east and south coasts as far as Cape Agulhas, while...

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