Relief Features

South Africa’s surface area falls into two major physiographic categories: the interior plateau, and the land between the plateau and the coast. Forming the boundary between these two areas is the Great Escarpment, the most prominent and continuous relief feature of the country. Its height above sea level varies from about 1 500 m in the dolerite-capped Roggeveld scarp in the south-west, to a height of 3 482 m in the KwaZulu-Natal Drakensberg.

Inland from the escarpment lies the interior plateau, which is the southern continuation of the great African plateau stretching north to the Sahara Desert.

The plateau itself is characterised by wide plains with an average height of 1 200 m above sea level. The dissected Lesotho plateau, which is more than 3 000 m above sea level, is the most prominent. In general, the escarpment forms the highest parts of the plateau.

Between the Great Escarpment and the coast lies an area which varies in width from 80 km to 240 km in the east and south, and a mere 60 km to 80 km in the west. At least three major subdivisions are recognised: the eastern plateau slopes, the Cape folded belt and adjacent regions and the western plateau slopes.

Demography

Demography

The Demographics of South Africa encompasses about 57 million people of diverse origins, cultures,...

Population

Population

Census 2011 Population nearly 57 000 000 Female  51,3% Male  48,7% Gauteng 23,7% KwaZulu-Natal...

Culture Groups

Culture Groups

The Tsonga (Shangaan) Swaziland, Mpumalanga and Limpopo The Koi from Botswana to SW Cape. Now Nama...

Languages

Languages

IsiZulu 22.7% IsiXhosa 16% Afrikaans 13.5% Sesotho sa Leboa 9.1% English 9.6% Setswana 8% Sesotho...

Religion

Religion

 Census 2001 Christianity 79.8% No Religion 15.1% Islam 1.5% Undetermined 1.4% Hinduism 1.2% Other...

The Land

The Land

Stretching latitudinally from 22°S to 35°S and longitudinally from 17°E to 33°E, South Africa’s...

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