Mineral Wealth

South Africa’s mineral wealth is typically found in the following well-known geological formations and settings:

  • the Witwatersrand Basin yields some 93% of South Africa’s gold output and contains considerable uranium, silver, pyrite and osmiridium resources.
  • the Bushveld Complex is known for platinum group metals (with associated copper, nickel and cobalt mineralisation), chromium and vanadium-bearing titanium-iron ore formations and industrial minerals, including fluorspar and andalusite.
  • the Transvaal Supergroup contains enormous deposits of manganese and iron ore.
  • the Karoo Basin extends through Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, the Free State as well as Limpopo, hosting considerable bituminous coal and anthracite resources.
  • the Phalaborwa Igneous Complex hosts extensive deposits of copper, phosphate, titanium, vermiculite, feldspar and zirconium ores.
  • kimberlite pipes host diamonds that also occur in alluvial, fluvial and marine settings.
  • heavy mineral sands contain ilmenite, rutile and zircon.
  • significant deposits of lead-zinc ores associated with copper and silver are found in the Northern Cape near Aggeneys.
State-Owned Enterprises

State-Owned Enterprises

SOEs are responsible for the development of key infrastructure and manufacturing capacity for...

JHB Stock Exchange

JHB Stock Exchange

The Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) is privately owned and funded, and governed by a board of...

Banking Industry

Banking Industry

Banking Industry. South Africa has 31 banking institutions – 10 locally controlled, six...

Exchange Control

Exchange Control

Exchange-control regulations are administered by the South African Reserve Bank on behalf of the...

Livestock

Livestock

Animal production contributes approximately 41% to the country's agricultural GDP. About 500 000...

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