Mpumalanga

Overview

mpumalanga_map_01

Spectacular scenic beauty and an abundance of wildlife, make Mpumalanga one of South Africa’s major tourist destinations.

Mpumalanga, which means “Place Where the Sun Rises”,is home to just more than 4,1 million people, according to the Mid-Year Population Estimates 2013 Report, with the principle languages being Siswati en isiZulu.

With a surface area of only 76 495 km2, it is the second-smallest province after Gauteng, yet has the fourth-largest economy in South Africa.

Bordered by Mozambique and Swaziland in the east, and Gauteng in the west, it is situated mainly on the high plateau grasslands of the Middleveld, which roll eastwards for hundreds of kilometers. In the north-east, it rises towards mountain peaks and terminates in an immense escarpment. In some places, this escarpment plunges hundreds of metres down to the low-lying area known as the Lowveld.

The province has a network of excellent roads and railway connections, making it highly accessible. Because of its popularity as a tourist destination, Mpumalanga is also served by a number of small airports, including the Kruger Mpumalanga International Airport.

Mbombela (formerly Nelspruit) is the capital of the province and the administrative and business centre of the Lowveld. Other important towns are Witbank, Standerton, Piet Retief, Malelane, Ermelo, Barberton and Sabie.

Mpumalanga falls mainly within the grassland biome. The escarpment and the Lowveld form a transitional zone between this grassland area and the savanna biome.

The Maputo Corridor, which links the province with Gauteng and Maputo in Mozambique, heralds a new era in terms of economic development and growth for the region.

Statistics

 

Capital Mbombela
Principal languages isiZulu 24,1%
siSwati 27.7%
isiNdebele 10,1%
Population 4 128 000
Share of total population 7,8%
Area (km2) 76 495
Percentage of total area 6,3%

Info Box

Info
Mpumalanga lies in the north-eastern part of South Africa, bordered by Mozambique to the east and the Kingdom of Swaziland to the south-east.

Attractions range from game viewing and bird watching to scenic drives across the valleys and peaks of the vast Drakensberg escarpment, and include adventure tourism and cultural experiences.


 

Geography

History

Cities and Towns

Fauna and Flora

Places to See