Rooiessenhout – Trichilia emetica
- In traditional medicine the bark is known for the emetic property suggested by the species name
- Bark is used as an enema
- Oil from the seed is said to have great healing powers and is even used in the treatment of broken limbs
- Research has shown that the roots have insect repellent properties effective against the Southern army worm & the Mexican bean beetle
- Seeds with scarlet arils are said to be poisonous, but are eaten by birds and fich when they drop into the water
- Wood is used in furniture making, timber develops with age and polishing to a lovely patina, but wood is prone to damage by insects & is soft
- Several insects are associated with the tree: 1. Caterpillars of the emperor moth Pselaphelia flavivitta feed on the leaves; 2. Larvae of the weevil Acatus rhombicus live in the seeds; 3. Spittlebug nymphs also live on this tree.
- Very dark green leaves.