The First Anglo Boer War

The final aim of the Great Trek was accomplished when the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State gained their independence from the British in 1852 and 1854 respectively. However on 12 April 1877 Shepstone annexed the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek and hoisted the Union Jack on Church Square in Pretoria. When their attempts at peaceful protest failed, the Transvalers raised the ZAR flag at Paardekraal on 13 December 1880, proclaimed a republic and reinstated the Legislative Assembly. Three days later the First War of Independence began when the British fired on a Boer commando near Potchefstroom.

Prince Imperial

Prince Imperial

On June 1st 1879 the world was shocked to receive the news of the death of a 22-year-old British...

Battle of Ulundi

Battle of Ulundi

At dawn on 4 July 1879 a column consisting of about 3 000 infantry and 300 cavalry left the camp...

Kambula Camp

Kambula Camp

On 29 March the fortified Kambula camp was fiercely attacked by about 20 000 Zulu impis. The Zulu...

Battle of Hlobane

Battle of Hlobane

On 28 March 1879 General Sir Evelyn Wood sent out a force from the Kambula camp to storm the...

Rorke’s Drift

Rorke’s Drift

After the victory at lsandlwana about 4 000 impis pushed forward to take possession of the British...

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