The First Anglo Boer War

The final aim of the Great Trek was accomplished when the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State gained their independence from the British in 1852 and 1854 respectively. However on 12 April 1877 Shepstone annexed the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek and hoisted the Union Jack on Church Square in Pretoria. When their attempts at peaceful protest failed, the Transvalers raised the ZAR flag at Paardekraal on 13 December 1880, proclaimed a republic and reinstated the Legislative Assembly. Three days later the First War of Independence began when the British fired on a Boer commando near Potchefstroom.

Elandslaagte Battlefield

Elandslaagte Battlefield

A Boer commando of about 1 200 men with three guns had ensconced itself among some hills near the...

Talana Battlefield

Talana Battlefield

The first battle of the war was fought at Dundee. The Boers had cut the railway line between...

The Anglo-Boer War

The Anglo-Boer War

Following repeated negotiations with the Boers, the London Convention signed on 27 February 1884,...

O’Neil’s Cottage

O’Neil’s Cottage

This cottage, originally the home of Eugene O'Neil, was used as a hospital for British soldiers...

Laing’s Nek Battle

Laing’s Nek Battle

The first battle of the First Anglo Boer War in Natal territory took place at Laing's Nek. The...

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