The First Anglo Boer War

The final aim of the Great Trek was accomplished when the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State gained their independence from the British in 1852 and 1854 respectively. However on 12 April 1877 Shepstone annexed the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek and hoisted the Union Jack on Church Square in Pretoria. When their attempts at peaceful protest failed, the Transvalers raised the ZAR flag at Paardekraal on 13 December 1880, proclaimed a republic and reinstated the Legislative Assembly. Three days later the First War of Independence began when the British fired on a Boer commando near Potchefstroom.

Zulu History

Zulu History

The Zulu ancestors first settled in Zululand in the late 17 century in the valley of the Mhlathuze...

Vaalkrans Battlefield

Vaalkrans Battlefield

The scene of the third unsuccessful attempt by Gen. Buller, which was then abandoned because of...

Battle of Tugela Heights

Battle of Tugela Heights

General Buller's fourth attempt was successful. It began on 14 February and during the next few...

Spioenkop Battlefield

Spioenkop Battlefield

Scene of the most futile, certainly the bloodiest, of the four battles fought in an effort to...

Siege of Ladysmith

Siege of Ladysmith

General Joubert's force of about 20 000 men, slowly but surely advanced on Ladysmith and placed...

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