History in Brief

1802Drought and famine in Natal lead to upheaval among chiefdoms.
1815Shaka becomes chief of the Zulu.
1828Shaka assassinated and succeeded by Dingane.
1834Port Natal renamed Durban.
1838Voortrekkers arrive in Dingane’s kingdom.
Battle of Bloodriver.
1839Mpande proclaimed as king of the Zulu.
1843Britain annexes Natal.
1851Sugar first produced from cane in Natal. Zulu unwilling to work for plantation owners, who demand
Indian labour.
1858The last elephant seen in Durban.
1860First indentured Indian labourers arrive in Natal.  (Between 1860 and 152 000 Indians arrive)
26 June – First railway in South Africa.
1864First bridge across the Umgeni river.
First eighty oil lit street lamps.
1872Cetshwayo proclaimed king of the Zulu after the death of Mpande.
1879Start of the Anglo-Zulu war.
1882Cetshwayo, aboard the Arab, sails to England to visit Queen Victoria.
1884Cetshwayo dies New Republic declared on Zulu land. Dinizulu established as King
1885First City Hall in Durban completed.  Currently the Post Office.
1887Britain annexes Zululand.
1893Mahatma Gandhi arrives in Natal.  He returned to India in 1914.
1897‘Nkosi Sekilel’ iAfrica’ composed by Enoch Sontonga.
Natal annexes Zululand.
1899South African War breaks out
1910New City Hall – 12 April.

 

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