History in Brief

1802 Drought and famine in Natal lead to upheaval among chiefdoms.
1815 Shaka becomes chief of the Zulu.
1828 Shaka assassinated and succeeded by Dingane.
1834 Port Natal renamed Durban.
1838 Voortrekkers arrive in Dingane’s kingdom.
Battle of Bloodriver.
1839 Mpande proclaimed as king of the Zulu.
1843 Britain annexes Natal.
1851 Sugar first produced from cane in Natal. Zulu unwilling to work for plantation owners, who demand
Indian labour.
1858 The last elephant seen in Durban.
1860 First indentured Indian labourers arrive in Natal.  (Between 1860 and 152 000 Indians arrive)
26 June – First railway in South Africa.
1864 First bridge across the Umgeni river.
First eighty oil lit street lamps.
1872 Cetshwayo proclaimed king of the Zulu after the death of Mpande.
1879 Start of the Anglo-Zulu war.
1882 Cetshwayo, aboard the Arab, sails to England to visit Queen Victoria.
1884 Cetshwayo dies New Republic declared on Zulu land. Dinizulu established as King
1885 First City Hall in Durban completed.  Currently the Post Office.
1887 Britain annexes Zululand.
1893 Mahatma Gandhi arrives in Natal.  He returned to India in 1914.
1897 ‘Nkosi Sekilel’ iAfrica’ composed by Enoch Sontonga.
Natal annexes Zululand.
1899 South African War breaks out
1910 New City Hall – 12 April.

 

Zulu History

Zulu History

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The Voortrekkers

The Voortrekkers

The introduction of British rule in the Cape Colony after 1806 resulted in wide spread...

Vaalkrans Battlefield

Vaalkrans Battlefield

The scene of the third unsuccessful attempt by Gen. Buller, which was then abandoned because of...

Battle of Tugela Heights

Battle of Tugela Heights

General Buller's fourth attempt was successful. It began on 14 February and during the next few...

Spioenkop Battlefield

Spioenkop Battlefield

Scene of the most futile, certainly the bloodiest, of the four battles fought in an effort to...

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