KZN – History

Zulu History

Zulu History

The Zulu ancestors first settled in Zululand in the late 17 century in the valley of the Mhlathuze River near 1here Eshowe is today. At a later stage, under the leadership of a young chief named Zulu; a group of these early settlers moved westward to the valley of the...

The Voortrekkers

The Voortrekkers

The introduction of British rule in the Cape Colony after 1806 resulted in wide spread dissatisfaction among the fiercely independent Afrikaners. This led to the major exodus of six main groups of Voortrekkers bound for unknown destinations in the hinterland from...

Vaalkrans Battlefield

Vaalkrans Battlefield

The scene of the third unsuccessful attempt by Gen. Buller, which was then abandoned because of heavy Boer fire.

Majuba – The Hill of Doves

Majuba – The Hill of Doves

After the defeat at both Laing's nek and lngogo, Colley urgently had to look at other tactics. None of his officers were consulted and the only hint of this was in the last paragraph of a letter, dated 4 February 1881, which he wrote to General Evelyn Wood: "I would...

Battle of Tugela Heights

Battle of Tugela Heights

General Buller's fourth attempt was successful. It began on 14 February and during the next few days Hlangwane Hill, a strong position of the Boers was taken, Colenso was occupied, and the Boers were driven across the river. An attack on Grobler's Kloof failed, but...

Spioenkop Battlefield

Spioenkop Battlefield

Scene of the most futile, certainly the bloodiest, of the four battles fought in an effort to relieve Ladysmith. Spioenkop was captured but later abandoned as it was dominated by Boer fire.

Siege of Ladysmith

Siege of Ladysmith

General Joubert's force of about 20 000 men, slowly but surely advanced on Ladysmith and placed heavy siege guns on the hills to the north and north-east of the town. The great guns, which carried a 96 lb. shell, was named Long Tom by the British soldiers. Some naval...

Elandslaagte Battlefield

Elandslaagte Battlefield

A Boer commando of about 1 200 men with three guns had ensconced itself among some hills near the Elandslaagte station. This commando was attacked by the British on 21 October 1899 and thoroughly defeated.

Talana Battlefield

Talana Battlefield

The first battle of the war was fought at Dundee. The Boers had cut the railway line between Ladysmith and Glencoe on 19 October 1899 and a commando of 4000 men under Commandant Lucas Meyer, attacked Gen. Penn-Symons at Dundee the following morning. They were in...

The Anglo-Boer War

The Anglo-Boer War

Following repeated negotiations with the Boers, the London Convention signed on 27 February 1884, provided for the lifting of British sovereignty and the Transvaal became the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek once again. With the discovery of gold in the Transvaal during...

O’Neil’s Cottage

O’Neil’s Cottage

This cottage, originally the home of Eugene O'Neil, was used as a hospital for British soldiers during the Battle of Majuba. Calley's successor, General Sir Evelyn Wood, signed an arrnlstice with Joubert on 6 March 1881 at O'Neil's cottage in the foothills of Majuba....

The Battle of lngogo [Schuinshoogte]

The Battle of lngogo [Schuinshoogte]

On the morning of the 8th of February 1881 a force of 311 men, including cavalry with four cannons moved southwards along the lngogo River as part of a plan to protect the supply route between Mount Prospect and Newcastle. Crossing the Harte and lngogo rivers, the...

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